Technology Synonyms

The primary article underneath this heading is devoted to a discussion of the affect of technology upon society and of situations affecting technological change; the second article focuses upon the influence of technology upon international relations. Technology (“science of craft”, from Greek τέχνη, techne, “art, talent, cunning of hand”; and -λογία, -logia 2 ) is the sum of strategies , skills , methods , and processes used in the production of products or services or within the accomplishment of aims, corresponding to scientific investigation Technology might be the data of techniques, processes, and the like, or it may be embedded in machines to permit for operation without detailed information of their workings.

Pages 509-548 in Universities-National Bureau Committee for Economic Analysis, The Charge and Route of Inventive Activity: Financial and Social Components. Though industrial technology had generally unfold from west to east, the indigenous technological capabilities in Central and Japanese European nations had been important. Research in all these areas has needed to contend each with the familiar problem of the best way to make common observations concerning the results of a single variable and with the extra problem that the results of technological change have turn into more and more troublesome to investigate.

The dominant technological development of the previous three centuries has been the big-scale and rising substitution of inanimate for animate vitality as the driving force for man’s machines. Lastly, and maybe most vital, consideration of the nature of modern industrial economies signifies that the organizational duties confronting manufacturing models are as much a consequence of the altering technical and socioeconomic milieus through which they operate as of the units’ production technology.

Lastly, these parts of knowledge, hardware, and organisation on the agency stage happen inside a much broader and extremely complex social framework of financial, political, and cultural relationships. Curiosity within the technique of technological change crested again with the final many years of the 20 th century. Developments within the means of warfare have affected all the elements in the international political process beforehand discussed.

Brazilian researchers have been able to upgrade older fermentation methods and achieve needed technological adjustments in processing gear, car engines, and sugar production. Similarly, the entire character of American international coverage changed when the United States moved from an influence place where its continued survival depended upon the commitment of European energy and interest elsewhere to a position where American military potential exceeded that of the most important European powers combined.

Be aware has already been taken of the adjustments in the construction of the state system that resulted from the near synonymity of great navy energy and great industrial energy. Early trendy Europeans paid new consideration to the machines and technical processes that created most of their materials items. The fates of the competing applied sciences had been therefore shaped by the truth that different social courses championed them for different economic ends, and the diffusion of the applied sciences trusted the outcome of sustained social battle.

Partnerships between governments and private enterprise have helped introduce and produce new technologies, many of which are now reaching sectors of Latin American society that had been largely untouched by technological innovations in earlier periods. Since the conduct of international relations is ever oriented toward the prospect of struggle, the connection between technology and foreign coverage is nowhere more evident than within the penalties of modifications within the means obtainable to states for coercion.

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